Encouraging active learning has been said to be one of the effective strategies to increase students’ ability to comprehend, retain and apply information in the classroom. Working in small teams or groups is one way for instructors to engage students and facilitate active learning.
Several different approaches using groups as a central learning tool in the classroom are available, such as Cooperative Learning (Cooperative Learning), Process Oriented Guided Inquiry Learning (POGIL; Brown, 2010), as well as Team-Based Learning (TBL; Michaelsen, Knight, & Fink, 2002). One common design element for group work is to find ways to allot in-class time primarily for higher-level learning, such as applications and critique of the material as well as problem-solving. Some models incorporate occasional in-class group connections, but Team-Based Learning intentionally and strategically places students into stable small group for the duration of the course. This model promotes active learning, communication and team collaboration, while also emphasizing the importance of individual accountability. This module provides an overview of Team-Based Learning design, guidelines and strategies on ways to incorporate team-based learning into the classroom.
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